Rancho Cucamonga was a 13,045-acre (20.383 sq mi; 52.79 km) Mexican land grant in contemporary San Bernardino County, California, provided in 1839 to the devoted soldier, smuggler and political leader Tiburcio Tapia by Mexican governor Juan Bautista Alvarado. The grant formed parts of present-day California cities Rancho Cucamonga and Upland. It extended easterly from San Antonio Creek to what is now Hermosa Avenue, and from today's Eighth Street to the mountains.
The Mission San Gabriel developed the Rancho Cucamonga as a site for grazing their livestock. In 1839, the rancho was granted by the Mexican guv of California to Tiburcio Tapia, a wealthy Los Angeles merchant. Tapia moved his cattle to Cucamonga and developed a fort-like adobe house on Red Hill. The Rancho was acquired by Tapia's daughter, Maria Merced Tapia de Prudhomme, and her spouse Leon Victor Prudhomme.
With the cession of California to the United States following the Mexican-- American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo supplied that the land grants would be honored. As needed by the Land Act of 1851, a claim for Rancho Cucamonga was submitted with the Public Land Commission in 1852, and the grant was patented to Leon V. Prudhomme in 1872.
Rancho Cucamonga was offered in 1858 to John Rains. Rains in 1856 married Maria Merced Williams, the child of Rancho Santa Ana del Chino owner Isaac Williams and granddaughter of Antonio Maria Lugo, owner of Rancho San Bernardino. Maria was therefore a wealthy heiress, and Rains bought three ranchos and the Bella Union Hotel in Los Angeles. John Rains was killed on November 17, 1862. 3 men consisting of Tomas Procopio Bustamante were implicated however only Manuel Ceredel was captured. Ceredel declared he, Precopio and four others were paid $500 by Ramon Carrillo, another ranchero and political challenger, to kill Rains. Ceradel was convicted of trying to murder the constable's deputy who apprehended him and was sentenced to 10 years in San Quentin. As the constable took Ceredel on a boat to San Francisco, a group of vigilantes lynched Ceredel. Carrillo was taken a look at in court twice and was released, no proof having actually been found against him. Ramon Carrillo always kept his innocence of the criminal activity, but he was shot in the back from ambush and killed on the Los Angeles roadway west of Cucamonga on May 21, 1864 in another unsolved murder.
Maria Merced married José Carrillo in 1864. She had 9 children in all: 5 with Rains, and four with Carrillo. Isaias W. Hellman, a Los Angeles banker, and a San Francisco business syndicate got the 13,045 acres (52.79 km) Rancho Cucamonga at a constable's sale in 1871. Hellman and his partners, which consisted of previous Governor John Downey, subdivided the land. Hellman continued to make port and sweet Angelica red wine from Cucamonga's legendary vineyard. Tapia had first planted grapes in 1839 and Rains had increased the vineyard to 150 acres (0.61 km) in 1859.
Chaffey developed an irrigation nest which he called Ontario, after his homeland of Ontario, Canada. The northern part of Chaffey's Ontario nest ended up being the city of Upland, incorporated in 1906.
In 1977 3 unincorporated neighborhoods which had actually emerged on the old cattle ranch lands-- Alta Loma, Cucamonga and Etiwanda-- became the city of Rancho Cucamonga.
Marker at Cucamonga Winery site checks out:
The grant formed parts of present-day California cities Rancho Cucamonga and Upland. The Mission San Gabriel established the Rancho Cucamonga as a website for grazing their livestock. In 1839, the rancho was granted by the Mexican guv of California to Tiburcio Tapia, a wealthy Los Angeles merchant. Rancho Cucamonga was sold in 1858 to John Rains. Rains in 1856 married Maria Merced Williams, the child of Rancho Santa Ana del Chino owner Isaac Williams and granddaughter of Antonio Maria Lugo, owner of Rancho San Bernardino.Source
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